Western Yellow Robin

A beautiful bird often seen here.

Western Yellow Robin - is one of many species of the Robin family often seen around the farm & chalets. We regularly see the White & Yellow Breasted Robins plus the Scarlet Red Robin which is smaller than the first two.

The official name is "Eopsaltria griseogularis"

About

They are largely a grey bird with a conspicuous yellow breast and, depending on the subspecies, a yellow or olive-green rump. The bill is black and the eye dark brown. Though the sexes appear similar, young birds are brown with cream-coloured streaks.Often seen perching sideways on the trunks of tall trees, Western Yellow Robins inhabit eucalyptus forests and woodlands, especially where there are dense shrubs and a layer of leaf litter. They pounce onto insects and other invertebrates which are on the ground, and they sometimes stay on the ground to eat them. 

Their mournful piping calls are a characteristic of the western forests, often calling from before first light in the morning. Their name "Eopsaltria means "Dawn Harpist"  early to sing & late to go to bed. Its call is a monotone "piping", harsh "chit", double "choop choop" 

Description

The Western Yellow Robin is mainly grey above, on its crown, neck and most of its upperbody and tail, though the rump and uppertail coverts are either yellow or olive green, depending on the subspecies (yellow on griseogularis and green on rosinae). The chin and throat are white, grading to pale grey on the upper breast, but the rest of the underbody is yellow; the undertail is greyish. The sexes appear similar, but young birds are very different, being brown with coarse, cream-coloured streaks.

Distribution

The Western Yellow Robin occurs mainly in south-western Australia, from Shark Bay in the north to the Nullarbor Plain in the east. They also occur in western parts of South Australia, on the eastern Nullarbor Plain, but mainly on the Eyre Peninsula.

Habitat

Western Yellow Robins occur mainly in forests and woodlands, especially in tall eucalyptus forests such as those dominated by Jarrah, Karri and Marri. They are often seen where there is a shrubby under storey and alot of leaf litter on the ground like Yelverton Brook.

Feeding

Insects are the main food of the Western Yellow Robin, obtained from the ground by pouncing onto the prey from a low perch. They usually perch on a tree trunk or low branch, often perching sideways, scanning the ground for food. This makes for great photo shots of these beautiful birds. They often forage in flocks with other small insectivorous birds.

Breeding

The nest of the Western Yellow Robin is small and cup-shaped with decorative woven small strips of bark, bound together with spider webs, often adding more strips of bark hanging vertically from the rim, attached by spider webs. They usually built in a vertical fork of a tree, sapling or shrub, usually about 3.5 metres above the ground, but can be between 0.5 and 22 metres up. The female usually incubates the two eggs, and both parents feed the young birds, often with the assistance of helpers.

 

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